Wolfgang Kröger is a Emeritus Professor,ETH Zurich,SWITZERLAND

Wolfgang Kröger

Emeritus Professor

Organizing Committee


ETH Zurich


Wolfgang Kröger studied mechanical engineering at the RWTH Aachen and completed his doctorate in 1974, his habilitation thesis followed in 1986. He has been a full professor of Safety Technology at the ETH Zurich since 1990 and director of the Laboratory for Safety Analysis, Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering. Before being elected Founding Rector of the International Risk Governance Council (IRGC), Geneva, in 2003 he headed the nuclear energy and safety research directorate the Swiss Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI). After his retirement in early 2011, he has become the executive director of the newly established ETH Risk Centre and stepped back from this position end of 2014. Presently he is acting as a scientific advisor and consultant on future technical systems including autonomous driving.

  His seminal work lies in the area of risk/vulnerability analysis of single large-scale technical systems and complex engineered networks like interdependent critical infrastructures. He has contributed to shaping the sustainability concept and – more recently – the resilience concept and stimulated trans-disciplinary/sectorial research to support decision-making. Inter alia he is an elected member of the Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW) heading the topical platform “Autonomous mobility” and has been awarded “Distinguished Affiliate Professor” by the TU Munich. Most recently, he is a member of the International Review Group of the Japanese Nuclear Safety Institute and served on the ad-hoc Advisory Group on “EU Energy Roadmap 2050”. He is a member of the project on Future Energy Systems (ESYS) of three German academies and of the WG on (de-)centralized systems and digitalized energy systems, in particular. He (co-)authored numerous publications in reviewed journals and books, the latest on Radioactive Waste Management, Vulnerable Systems, Networks of Networks, New Ways and Needs for Exploiting Nuclear Energy, and Resilient Structures and Infrastructures, all published by Springer.


  • Bilis E.I., Kröger W., Performance of Electric Power Systems under Physical Malicious Attacks, IEEE Systems Journal (in press), 2012
  • Nan C, Eusgeld I & Kröger W. Hidden Vulnerabilities due to Interdependencies between SCADA and SUC, CRITIS 2012, LNCS:Springer-Verlag (in press), 2012.
  • Michel Heng, Keith W. Hipel, Liping Fang, Ana Maria Cruz, Wolfgang Kröger, T. F. Fwa, Norio Okada, Governing Global Critical Infrastructure Systems, Journal of Infrastructure Systems (submitted), 2010
  • Kröger W., An overview of Swiss research on vulnerability of critical infrastructure, acatech, Germany, ISBN 978-3-642-18218-1, 2011
  • Kröger W., Energie aus Kernspaltung: Chancen und Wagnis, in "Energy", Hrsg. Rudolf von Rohr, P., Walde, P., Batlogg, B., vdf Hochschulverlag AG, 2009, ISBN 978-3-7281-3219-2
  • Kaegi M., Mock R., Kröger W., Analyzing Maintenance Strategies by Agent-based Simulations: A Feasibility Study, in Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Elsevier 94(9), pp. 2277-84, 2009
  • Eusgeld I., Kröger W., Sansavini G., Schläpfer M., Zio E., The Role of Network Theory and Object-oriented Modeling within a Framework for the Vulnerability Analysis of Critical Infrastructures, in Journal Reliability Engineering & Systems Safety, Elsevier, 94(5), pp.954-63, 2009
  • Kröger W., Critical Infrastructures at Risk, A Need for a New Conceptual Approach and Extended Analytical Tools, in Reliability Engineering & System Safety, Elsevier, 93(12), 2008
  • Kröger W., Global Risk Governance im Energiebereich, Internationale Politik 2005-2006, S.292-96, in Jahrbücher des Forschungsinstituts der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik, Band 27, Hrsg. Braml J., et al., Oldenbourg, München, 2008, ISBN 978-3-486-58342-7
  • Kröger W., Technische Risiken, in Risk Management, Erfolgreicher Umgang mit zentralen Unternehmensrisiken, Hrsg. Boutellier R., Montagne E., Verlag SKU, Zurich, 2008, ISBN 978-3-033-01655-2
  • IRGC (lead author Kröger W.), Managing and Reducing Social Vulnerabilities from Coupled Critical Infrastructures, IRGC, White Paper 3, October 2006
  • Kröger W., Reflections on Current and Future Nuclear Safety, atw, Vol. 51, 07/2006
    Kröger W., Critical Infrastructures at Risk: Securing Electric Power Supply, International Journal of Critical Infrastructures, 2006, No.2/3, pp. 273-93
  • Gheorghe A. V., Birchmeier J, Vamanu D, Papazoglou I, Kröger W., Comprehensive Risk Assessment for Rail Transportation of Dangerous Goods: a Validated Platform for Decision Support, in Reliability Engineering & System Safety, Elsevier, 88(2), pp. 247-72, 2005
  • Kröger W., Risk Analyses and Protection Strategies for Operation of Nuclear Power Plants, in Landolt-Börnstein New Series Vol. VIII/3B (Advanced Materials and Technologies/Energy), Springer, 2005
  • Kröger, W., Mock, R., Networked Systems, Challenges in Risk Analysis and Availability Assessment, in The Real and the Virtual World of Planning, Koll-Schretzenmayr M., Keiner M., Nussbaumer, G. (eds.), Springer, 2003. ISBN 3-540-40748-0
  • Gheorghe A.V., Birchmeier J., Vamanu D., Papazoglou I., Kröger W., Comprehensive Risk Assessment for Rail Transportation of Dangerous Goods: A Validated Platform for Decision Support, Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 86(10), 2003
  • Kröger W., Interview on Risk Assessment, Journal of Risk Research, Volume 6, Issues 4 - 6, Carfax Publishing, Abingdon, July 2003, ISSN: 1366-9877
  • Kröger W., Zukunftspotenziale der Kernenergie, in Zukunft der Energieversorgung, Innovationsbeirat der Landesregierung von Baden-Württemberg und wissenschaftlich-technischer Beirat der Bayerischen Staatsregierung, Springer, 2003, ISBN 3-540-00095-X
    Kröger W., and Høj N. P., Risk Analyses of Transportation on Road and Railway from a European Perspective, in Safety Science, Vol. 40, Issues 1-4, Elsevier Science, 2002
  • Kröger W., Dealing with Risks and Safety of Technical Systems - Need for a New Commission?, in Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 4, Issue 4, Taylor & Francis Ltd., 2001
  • Kröger W., Risikoanalyse jenseits der Wahrnehmung, in Risiko-Dialog-von der Idee zur konkreten Umsetzung, Zucker B.(Hrsg.), I-VW HSG, 2001
  • Gheorghe A., Mock R., and Kröger, W., Risk Assessment of Regional Systems, Reliability Engineering & System Safety 70, Elsevier Applied Science, 2000
  • Kröger W., Fischer P.U., Balancing Safety, and Economics, in Nuclear Engineering and Design 195 (1), Elsevier Science, 2000


  • OECD/NEA News prize 2001
  • Honorary member of SGK 2004
  • Short-term Fellowship TU Munich, Institute of Advanced Studies (IAS) 2011
  • Distinguished Affiliated Professor TU Munich 2011


  • Member of Advisory Board, Munich Center for Technology in Society, TU Munich, and Nuclear Institutes, RWTH Aachen.
  • Safety Review Group of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD/NSA), London; Chairman (on hold).
  • Member of the Board (Vice-Chairman, until 2010), Chairman of the Advisory Board, International Risk Governance Council (IRGC) (until early 2012), Geneva.
  • Member of Scientific Directorate, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik (DGAP), Berlin.
  • Editorial Board of the Journal of Risk Research, the International Journal of Critical Infrastructures, the Planet@Risk.
  • Individual Member of Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW); leader topical platform 'risk'.
  • Member of Scientists Council of Europäische Akademie.
  • OECD/NEA Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI), Paris; Vice-Chairman (until June 2003).
  • International Nuclear Technology Commission Baden-Wuerttemberg, Bavaria, Hessen (resignation July 2007).
  • Member of EC ad hoc Advisory Group "Energy Roadmap 2050" (2011).
  • Member of the ENEF WG "opportunity", Prague/Bratislava.
  • Member (designated) of Technical Review Committee, New Organization of the Federation of Electric Power Companies, Japan.